These Chinese pork ribs are so tender that the meat is almost melting off from the bone!
It is called Wuxi Pork ribs (無錫排骨), the signature cuisine of Wuxi, a town in the Jiangsu 江蘇 province of China.
I want to introduce to you how to cook this famous Chinese pork ribs, characterized by the sweetness of rock sugar, the sourness of the red vinegar 镇江红醋 and the flavor of Shaoxing wine. The braising liquid is cooked down and caramelized into a thick, luxurious red sauce with rock sugar, which enrobed the ribs within.
The method is simple, but be prepared for prolonged braising, and you will be rewarded with the seductive flavor of this culinary wonder.
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How to cook Chinese pork ribs- the step-by-step guide
Step 1- Marinate the pork ribs
Ask your butcher to cut the pork ribs crossways into long pieces. I suggest you ask your butcher to cut the ribs into single bones, square pieces. It is tough to do it at home as it requires a sturdy butcher cleaver.
You can use spareribs (meatier) or back ribs (smaller but more tender) for this recipe. Generally, I prefer spareribs as it is the more meaty one for this recipe.
Add a small amount of light soy sauce and salt to the pork ribs and marinate at least two hours. Marinate helps to enhance the flavor of the pork ribs. I also marinate the lean pork overnight with salt in another recipe- Cantonese Porridge with Lean Pork. Meat treating in this way can still retain the saltiness after prolonged simmering.
In general, the amount of salt required is one percent of the ribs by weight. In this case, I use 10g (2 teaspoons) for one kg of pork ribs.
There is an alternate way to do it. Some cooks prefer to place the ribs in boiling water and blanch them for a few minutes. Remove and drained. This step will help to remove the impurities and the porky smell of the ribs. You can do this after marination, as a few minutes of blanching will not remove the salt that penetrates deep into the ribs. You can skip this step by just rinsing the ribs under running water if it is fresh and no unacceptable smell.
Step 2- Get all the ingredients ready
Red yeast rice (optional)
Red yeast rice renders a beautiful red hue to the ribs. You can extract the color by soaking the rice in hot water for fifteen minutes. Discard the rice, and add only the colored water to the braising liquid.
Alternatively, tie the red yeast rice in a cheesecloth bag before adding to the braising water. Remove the bag when the ribs become tender.
Red yeast rice (红曲米, Monascus Purpureus) is traditionally used by the Chinese chef to improve the color of a variety of dishes. It is also used in our Chinese Roast Chicken recipe.
You can purchase red yeast rice in most of the Chinese medical halls and grocery shops in Asia. Unfortunately, it is difficult to get even in certain Asian countries outside China. Omit it if you cannot find it as it will not affect the taste. However, the color will not be as red as you expected.
There are some specific aromatics and spices for Wuxi pork ribs. Let’s take a look at each of them.
Ginger. Ginger can remove any off-putting ‘poky’ smell. If you have a choice, use old ginger instead of the younger for better flavor. Some cooks prefer to slice the ginger, and others cut the ginger into small dices for sautéing.
Scallion. Scallions and ginger always used side by side in Chinese cooking. Use scallion generously. it does not only provide the flavor but also help to prevent the pork ribs from sticking to the wok/pan during prolonged simmering. Reserve some chopped scallions to sprinkle on top of the ribs for garnishing.
Vinegar, sugar, and wine
The signature flavor of Wuxi style Chinese pork ribs is from the triumvirate of vinegar, sugar, and wine. There are numerous variations of the amount used, even in Wuxi itself, not to mention other outrageous adaptations elsewhere. However, these three ingredients is a must to qualify as authentic Wuxi pork ribs.
Vinegar. Red vinegar from Zhejiang (浙江红醋) is the authentic one. Any other rice vinegar is the acceptable substitution if you are unable to get it.
Sugar. Rock sugar is preferred in this recipe. If you can’t get it, use castor or granulated sugar. Chinese Rock Sugar is irregular lumps of crystallized, refined sugar. It forms a translucent and glossy appearance on the pork ribs. The surface will be less glossy if you use regular sugar. Rock sugar should add only after some time of simmering. Once it is caramelized, the gravy will stick on the surface of the pork ribs to form a glossy sheen,
Shaoxing wine. Use Shaoxing wine or any rice wine will do the job. Sherry is another acceptable alternative.
Star anise, cinnamon stick, and clove
The flavor of star anise and cinnamon are quite intense and a small amount goes a long way. I mention how many star-points to be used in the recipe as the size of star anise vary from one with another. The same problem applies to the cinnamon bark: the bigger bark of the same length can be double in weight. Therefore, I am using the weight as the unit of measurement for cinnamon bark in the recipe for accuracy. (You may consider using a kitchen scale for this purpose.)
LIght and dark soy sauce
Most of the recipes include a small amount of light soy sauce. Personally, I will not use dark soy sauce as the color of Wuxi pork ribs should be red, not black.
The signature flavor of Wuxi style Chinese pork ribs is from the triumvirate of vinegar, sugar, and wine. These three ingredients is a must to qualify as authentic Wuxi pork ribs.
Step 3- Brown the pork ribs
Deep-fried the pork ribs for two minutes until the surface starts to turn color is the general method used by the restaurants.
Deep frying adds more flavor to the ribs. This method is great, but if you want to save some oil, or if it is not convenient to deep-fry at home, you can pan-fry the pork ribs instead.
Pan-frying can be as good as deep-frying. What you need is to add about 1/8 inch depth of oil to a frying pan, or at least if is sufficient to cover the whole pan. Sear the ribs on both sides until the meat starts to shrink and the bone protrudes out. When this is achieved, the color will turn a little brown. It is time to remove it and set aside.
Step 4- Braise the pork ribs over low heat
Here are the steps:
- Saute the ginger and scallion in the wok until aromatic.
- Add the pork ribs that have been deep-fry into it.
- Add the wine, vinegar, salt and soy sauce to the pan.
- Add water until it is just enough to cover the ribs.
- Bring the braising liquid to a boil. Then reduce the heat to a minimum, which is just hot enough to simmer it.
- Cover the pan with a lid. Simmer for about 30 minutes.
- By now the liquid should have reduced significantly. Open the lid and turn the ribs over to ensure even cooking.
- Add the rock sugar. Add some hot water if the amount is reduced too much. Otherwise, just cover it again and braise for another 30 minutes.
- Remove the lid. Check the tenderness of the ribs. press the spatula or chopsticks against the meat to check whether the meat is about to detach from the bone. The time required to braise it until this tenderness depends on the heat, which is by large is based on visual observation. Cook for a longer time if it has not achieved the tenderness that you want. You should be able to poke through the meat with a chopstick without any resistance.
- Once the pork ribs have achieved the desired tenderness, reduce the volume of the sauce until becoming a rich gravy.
- The gravy will coat the ribs to form a shiny and glossy sheen.
The Chinese Pork Ribs Recipe
- 500 g pork ribs, , cut crosswise into single-bone pieces
- 1 teaspoon salt
- 1 teaspoon light soy sauce
- Blanched broccoli to garnish
- 20 g ginger, , sliced
- 3 stalks scallions, , cut into 5cm length
- 5 cm cinnamon stick, , about 12g
- 6 star-points of star anise
- 6 pieces cloves
- 2 tablespoons Shaoxing wine, , or any rice wine
- 1.5 tablespoons Rice vinegar
- 1.5 tablespoons light soy sauce
- 1/2 tsp five spice powder
- 1/2 tsp ground white pepper
- 30 g rock sugar
- Water sufficient just to cover the ribs in the pan.
Please refer to the text of the post for the details of each step.
- Cut the spareribs into single-bone pieces. Add the salt and marinate overnight.
- Blanch in hot water for three minutes to remove blood and impurities. Rinse and drain in a colander. (Optional step)
- Saute ingredients (B) with the oil in the pan until fragrant. Remove the aromatics.
- Heat the remaining vegetable oil in the frying pan. Pan-fried the spare ribs over medium heat until golden brown on both sides. Remove and set aside.
- Add ingredients (C). Bring the liquid to a boil and simmer for one hour over low heat or until the ribs become tender. Add water if necessary.
- Remove the ribs from the braising liquid.
- Strain the braising liquid through a fine sieve. Reduce the liquid. Thicken with the 1/2 teaspoon of cornflour.
- Add the ribs back to the sauce. Coat the ribs with the sauce and reduce the sauce further until it becomes syrupy. Serve.
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- Gold Plum Chinkiang Vinegar 18.6 fl oz
- Chic Crystal White Sugar 14 oz
- Soeos Star Anise Seeds (Anis Estrella), Whole Chinese Star Anise Pods, Dried Anise Star Spice, 4 oz.
- AccuWeight 207 Digital Kitchen Multifunction Food Scale for Cooking with Large Back-lit LCD Display,Easy to Clean with Precision Measuring,Tempered Glass, 0, Silver
Serving Size:2 servings
Amount Per Serving:Calories: 1115 Total Fat: 83g Saturated Fat: 25g Trans Fat: 1g Unsaturated Fat: 37g Cholesterol: 281mg Sodium: 2317mg Carbohydrates: 31g Fiber: 3g Sugar: 1g Protein: 61g